public health adaptation strategies
  to extreme weather events

  • Heat waves
    Heat waves
  • Floods
  • Wildfires
  • Cold spells
    Cold spells
  • Synergies with air pollution
    Synergies with air pollution
  • Susceptible subgroups
    Susceptible subgroups

Heat Waves Publications

PHASE project results on high temperatures and heat wave effects and evaluation of prevention measures are disseminated in international conferences and published in public health Journals.


Changes in the effect of heat on mortality in the last 20 years in nine European cities. Results from the PHASE project [external link]

Effect of ambient temperature and air pollutants on the risk of preterm birth, Rome 2001-2010 [external link]

Impact of heat waves on excess mortality in 2011 and 2012 in Hungary [external link]

Changes in the effects of heat on mortality among the elderly from 1998-2010: results from a multicenter time series study in Italy [external link].

How to use near real-time health indicators to support decision-making during a heat wave: the example of the French heat wave warning system [external link].

Electric fans for reducing adverse health impacts in heatwaves: A Cochrane Systematic Review [external PDF].

Heatwave Early Warning Systems and Adaptation Advice to Reduce Human Health Consequences of Heatwaves
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(12), 4623-4648; doi:10.3390/ijerph8124623 [external link]

Pascal M, Laaidi K, Wagner V, Ung A, Bousquet V, Fouillet A, Caserio-Schönemann C. Analyse technique de l'impact de la vague de chaleur d'août 2012 sur la morbidité et la mortalité. Saint-Maurice : Institut de veille sanitaire ; 2012 [external link]

Heat-related respiratory hospital admissions in Europe in a changing climate: a health impact assessment [external pdf]

The French Heat and Health Watch Warning System: principles, fundamentals and assessment [external link]

A heat susceptibility indicator in the elderly developed based on administrative data from a cohort study [external link]

Abstract presented at the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology (ISEE) conferences

PHASE EU-project. Variations in the high temperature - mortality relationship and the harvesting effect in 8 European cities ISEE 2013 [external link]


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